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Jaipur

Destination Details

Jaipur, also known as ‘the Pink City,’ is the capital of Rajasthan in India. It is situated at an altitude of 431 meters above sea level. It covers an area of 64.75 square km. Jaipur is popularly known as the “Pink City” as some of the buildings in the old city are in pink color. This city sits on dry lake bed in an arid landscape, surrounded by the Aravallis and protected by the Nahargarh Fort. The city is a visitor’s delight. Hindi, Rajasthani, Marwari and English are the common languages which are spoken in Jaipur. In Summers, the temperature is around 45 degree Celsius and in winters it is around 7 degree Celsius. So the best time to visit Jaipur is from November to March.

Climate of Jaipur

The climate of Jaipur is extreme in nature because of the close proximity to Thar Desert. The weather conditions are extremely hot & humid in summers while winters are chilly. In fact the diurnal or daily range of temperature also varies along with annual variations.

Maximum temperature during the summers ,which is from April to July soars high above 45ºC as well. During winter season sunny and pleasant days are in total contrast to bitterly cold nights. Temperature can dip around 5ºC in the night.

Monsoon season starts in the third week of July, but Jaipur doesn’t receive much rainfall just like the whole of Rajasthan.

The scorching summer heat coupled with absence of moderating influence of the sea makes it practically impossible to go out on sightseeing during summers.The best time to travel to Jaipur is during winters from October-March.

History of Jaipur

The royal city of Jaipur owes its name, foundations and careful planning to the great warrior and astronomer, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II of the Kachchwaha clan of Rajputs ruled the city from the year 1699 to 1744. The ancient capital of Rajasthan was Amber but in 1727 the foundations were laid and from Amber the capital was shifted to Jaipur. In this land, towering forts were built to protect the capital from the enemy and battles were fought by the great rulers.

Tourist Attractions in Jaipur

Jaipur, the Pink City, is a wonderful tourist destination of India to be in. Jaipur has many tourist attractions in the form of magnificent forts, beautiful palaces, havelis, museums, temples and colorful bazaars. Jaipur also offers an exciting shopping experience among many other enjoyable activities to its visitors. We will take you to some of the most fascinating tourist attractions in Jaipur.

Places to Visit in Jaipur

HAWA MAHAL – Built in 1799, by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, is the most recognizable monument of Jaipur. The 5 storied stunning semi-octagonal monument having 152 windows with over hanging latticed balconies is a fine piece of Rajput architecture. Originally designed for the royal ladies to watch and enjoy the processions and other activities, on the street below. Now it houses a well laid out museum. The display “Jaipur past and present” is the special feature of this newly setup museum.

JANTAR MANTAR (Observatory) – Built in 18th century by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the huge masonary instruments were used to study the movement of constellations and stars in the sky. Enormous sun-dial still provide accurate time, which are subject to daily corrections.

CITY PALACE AND S.M.S. II MUSEUM – Situated in the heart of the old City, it occupies about one seventh of the old city area. The palace is a blend of Rajput and Mughal architecture, it houses a Seven storeyed Chandra Mahal in the centre, which affords a fine view of the gardens and the city. Diwan-E-Am (Hall of public audience) has intricate decorations and collection of manuscripts, Diwan-E-Khas (Hall of private audience) has a marble pawed gallery Mubarak Mahal has a rich collection of costumes and textiles. There is a Clock Tower near Mubarak Mahal. Sileh Khana has a collection of armory and weapons.

CENTRAL MUSEUM – Situated in the Ram Niwas Garden. This graceful building was founded in 1876 by Prince Albert (also known as Albert Hall). It has a rare collection of archaeological and handicraft pieces.

JALMAHAL – (6 kms) On the way to Amer, this small palace is set in the middle of Man Sagar Lake. Renovation around the lake is in progress.
AMER FORT – The palace complex is lavishly ornamented and displays the riches of Amer. Sheesh Mahal chamber of Mirrors. Diwan-e-Am or the Hall of Public Audience is a beautifully proportioned hall open on three sides and stands on two rows of ornamented pillars. Diwan e-Khas or the Hall of Private Audience has delicate mosaic work in glass. Sukh mandir is guarded by sandalwood doors inlaid with ivory. Throughout the massive fort finely carved lattice windows, exquisitely painted doorways, halls and finely sculptured pillars crave for attention.

JAIGARH FORT – (15 kms.) Standing on a hilltop, overlooking the palaces and city of Amer. The world’s biggest cannon on wheels- the Jai Ban is positioned here, built during reign of Maharaja Sawai Jaisingh. It has a twenty feet long barrel and pumped in the cannon for a single shot.
NAHARGARH FORT – (15 kms.) cresting a hill about 600 ft. above the city, the fort was built in 1734. The walls of the fort run along the ridge and within are architectural beauties like Hawa Mandir and Madhvendra Bhawan.
LAXMI NARAYAN TEMPLE – is situated just below the Moti 000ngri, known for the intricate marble carvings in white marble, popularly known as Birla Temple.
VIDHAN SABHA – The Rajasthan Legislative Assembly is unicameral. The First Rajasthan Legislative Assembly, which came into existence in March 1952, had a strength of 160 members which was raised to 190 after the merger of the former Ajmer State with Rajasthan. The Second and Third Assemblies had a strength of 176 and the Fourth and Fifth had 184 members each. The membership was raised to 200 from the Sixth Assembly onwards. The tenure of the Legislative Assembly is five years unless sooner dissolved. Recently, the elections were held in the State and the Twelfth Legislative Assembly was constituted on 5 December, 2003.

GAITOR – (6 kms) At the foot hill of Nahargarh stands the memorials to the former rulers of Jaipur the place has some gracefully carved cenotaphs in white marble.
SISODIA RANI GARDEN – (5 kms.) on the road to Agra, the magnificent palace garden was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in 1710 for his queen.


How to Reach Jaipur

By Air
Jaipur Airport is located near Sanganer at a distance of 13 kms from the city of Jaipur. Many domestic airlines connect the city to all the major cities of India including Udaipur and Jodhpur as well. Flights for Delhi and Mumbai run on a regular basis. The airport has been granted the status of an international airport and connects to the foreign cities like Sharjaha and Muscat too.

By Train
Jaipur Railway Station is a central main station of the state of Rajasthan. The vast rail track of Indian Railways connects Jaipur station with all other cities of India. There are numerous trains which run on a regular basis to and from Jaipur.

By Road
Jaipur is well connected by road to major cities in India. Excellent road network serves people to enjoy a comfortable journey to and from Jaipur. This mode of traveling is quite easy and comparatively cheap. Regular bus services from nearby cities connect Jaipur to the other cities. Deluxe Buses, AC coaches and Government buses are available for the convenience of the passengers.

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