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Jodhpur, the second largest city of Rajasthan and a major tourist attraction in the country, is famous for its majestic forts, formidable monuments and rich cultural heritage. The city is situated at the edge of the Thar Desert with Jaisalmer to its west, Barmar, Jalor and Pali to its south, Bikaner to its north, and Nagaur to its eastern side. The Sun City of Rajasthan is a hub of tourists from all across the world. Travelers come here to relish its sumptuous regional cuisines, enjoy its various fairs and festivals, catch the sight of its famous architectural masterpieces, take pleasure of its traditional rajasthani culture and rituals, shop the city’s various local handicrafts (as souvenirs for friends and loved ones), Bandhini clothes, foot wears, silver jewelery etc. The city has so much to offer you that once you come here, you will not like to leave it ever. With its old world charm, cool evenings and nights and contemporary luxuries, Jodhpur has become an eye candy for globetrotters.

History of Jodhpur

Jodhpur also called the ‘Suncity’ of Rajasthan has an intriguing past attached to its origin. The city was founded by the Rathore clan chief, Rao Jodha in 1459 and therefore was named after him as Jodhpur. The Rathores claimed to be the descendants of Lord Rama. Their original homeland was Kanauj. On being ousted by Afghans they fled to Pali and found a temporary accommodation there. Rathore Siahaji married the sister of a local prince. This helped the Rathores to establish and strengthen themselves in this region. The Rathores later felt the need of a bigger and powerful empire so they formed Jodhpur. Mandore, just 9km way from Jodhpur, served as their capital.

Jodhpur has been ruled by a string of rulers from 15th century A.D. It was under the rule of Rao Gaj Singh and Rana Sanga from 1516 – 1532. Under the reign of Maharaja Umed Singh, Jodhpur grew into a fine modern city. During the British Raj, the state of Jodhpur was the largest in Rajputana, by land area. Jodhpur prospered under the British Raj. In 1947 India became independent and the state merged into the union of India. Jodhpur became the second largest city of Rajasthan.

Culture of Jodhpur

Like any other city, Jodhpur, one of the most colourful and vibrant city of Rajasthan has its own peculiar and quaint culture. The one thing about Rajasthan that distinguishes it from the rest of the world is that its people and their lifestyle still exude the old world and regional charm. The Rajasthani people strongly believe in their rituals and culture and this shows in their costumes, jewelery, cuisines, décor and lifestyle. The Jodhpuri people are amongst the most courteous and friendly people in India. They have a typical Marwari accent. Their lifestyle is also quite appealing.

Jodhpuri male folk wear nice and lovely multihued costumes. Angarakha, dhotis or pyjamas, kamarband or patka (waistband) with colourful turbans form an integral part of a Jodhpuri male’s attire. The women folk wear ‘Ghagras’ and a hip length jacket, with three quarter length sleeves, covering the front and back. Women also love to adorn themselves with jewelry from head to toe. The best and the most interesting ones comprise of the ‘matha tika’ also called ‘head light’ in Rajasthan and the thick bangles in arms, on the feet, etc. They have separate jewel pieces for neck, hands, wrists, waist, forehead, ears etc.

The main languages spoken here are Hindi, Marwari and Rajasthani. Jodhpuri people prefer spicey and fried food over simple and light food. The exquisite regional handicrafts, folk dances and folk music add to the glory of Jodhpur. Jodhpur celebrates the Marwar festival with great fun and joy. It is a two-day program of fun, folk music, folk dance and folklore. Nagpanchami, the worship of the king of the serpents, is also celebrated with enthusiasm. The bazaars of Jodhpur have a range of items from tie & dye textiles, embroidered leather shoes, lacquer ware, antiques, carpets and puppets to the exquisite Rajasthani textiles, clay figurines, miniature camels and elephants, marble inlay work and classic silver jewelery.

Climate of Jodhpur

Jodhpur, the ‘Sun City’ of Rajasthan, located at the edge of Thar Desert, is one of the driest spots to be found in northern India Jodhpur has an extreme type of climate with the variations in temperature range being very high. Weather in Jodhpur, Rajasthan is dry and hot, a typical desert weather.

Rainfall – 32 cm (approx.). The rainfall occurs in the months of July and August.
Summer – Max. Temp is around 42˚C and the Min. Temp is around 37 ˚C. Evenings and nights are pleasantly cool.
Winter – Max. Temp is around 27.5˚C and the Min. Temp is around 15.5 ˚C. Evenings and nights are quite cold.

Jodhpur is bright and sunny throughout the year. The best time to visit the city is between October and March, when climate conditions are at their best, after the rains and before the scorching heat of the summer.

Tourist Attractions in Jodhpur

Located on the foothill of a sandstone hillock, the city of Jodhpur seems like an oasis in the vast desert. Jodhpur is one of the favorite tourist destinations in Rajasthan. People from India as well as all over the world visit Jodhpur every year. There are a number of tourist attractions in Jodhpur, enchanting the tourists.

Jodhpur tourist spots stand as a living proof of the splendor, traditions and culture of the Jodhpur. The glorious past of Jodhpur is personified through the various forts, palaces and other monuments of Jodhpur. The main places to see in Jodhpur Rajasthan are:

Mehrangarh Fort: The most magnificent fort in Jodhpur is the Mehrangarh Fort. It is situated on a 150m high hill. Rao Jodha, the then chief of Rathore clan, constructed it in 1459. There are a number of attractions within the fort like several palaces, galleries, a museum, temples and so on.

Umaid Bhavan Palace: One of the fascinating palaces of Jodhpur is the Umaid Bhavan palace. Maharaja Umaid Singh constructed it in 20th century. A part of the palace has now been converted into a hotel and a museum.

Jaswant Thada: Jaswant Thada lies to the left of the Mehrangarh fort complex. It is a royal cenotaph made up of white marble. It was built to commemorate Maharaja Jaswant Singh. Some rare portraits of the former rulers of Jodhpur are also displayed here.

How to Reach Jodhpur

By Air:
Jodhpur airport is located in the cantonment area at a short distance of 5 km from the city center. The city is well connected with major metropolitan cities in India – Mumbai, Delhi etc through direct flights.

By Train:
Jodhpur railway station is located at station road. The city is directly connected with the major cities like Delhi, Mumbai, and Chennai through trains. Trains are easily available throughout the year.

By Road:
Another convenient mode of transportation to Jodhpur is by road. The Jodhpur highway is well connected with cities like Agra, Ahmadabad, Ajmer, Delhi, Jaipur, Jaisalmer and Udaipur by bus. You can also hire a taxi to reach Jodhpur.

Local Transport:
Mode of transport within Jodhpur includes Taxis, Auto-rickshaws and Tongas. Taxi stand is near to the main railway station. You can also hire an auto rickshaw or explore Jodhpur on a bicycle.

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